Every 3.2 seconds someone in the world develops Dementia.
There are over 9.9 million new cases of Dementia each year worldwide.
The prevalence for Dementia is higher for women than for men.
The number of people living with Dementia in Western Europe is projected to
increase from 7.5 m. in 2015 to 14.3 m. by 2050.
Dementia does not depend on the age, the gender, the social class or the
Dementia is a set of symptoms that give away intellectual disability to individuals that have not developed similar behavior before. There are many forms of Dementia like Alzheimer’s, Vascular Dementia, Dementia with Lewy bodies, Frontotemporal Dementia and other neurodegenerative diseases that end up to Dementia, like Parkinson’s disease, Epilepsy etc.
The progress of Dementia consists of three stages:
In the early stage of the syndrome’s progress, the suffering people are usually confused about where they are. They are delayed in their reactions and change their behavior as they become more nervous, they get disturbed more easily and display some signs of depression.
In the middle stage of the progress they face difficulty to recognize the people who come into daily contact with them, such as their family and friends. They have a problem to organize their thinking in a logical order as well as difficulty in reading and writing a text. They become more irritable and nervous and they face some problems in their daily activities, such as wearing their clothes and losing the sense of time.
In the final stage, the suffering people are not able to go to the toilet, wear their clothes, take a shower or eat their food on their own. They easily lose their balance and that is why they often fall. Because of that, they get stuck in a wheelchair or even in their bed. They get very confused and they cannot at all communicate with their familiar, or they can communicate with them with certain words or yells.
The effect of Music Therapy is beneficial for people with dementia as it helps them identify more easily their surroundings and maintain their sense of identity. Also, the human brain “stores” for a longer time memories associated with music than memories that have not been associated with some music and are from the same period of time. Therefore, music can help people who are suffering from dementia reminisce their past, it also helps at reducing feelings like fear and anxiety that they often feel.
The Hippocampus is the most ancient part of the brain cortex and it is closer to the auditory cortex. The Hippocampus is the transfer of information from short-term memory to long-term memory and connects all the different characteristics of a memory. But when a person suffers from Dementia, the first thing that is affected in the brain is the synapses of the neurons, and that is what is causing the gradual loss of memory.
AuDi-o-Mentia is a home assistive information system that offers its services to people suffering from Dementia in the early stages of the syndrome, as well as to their familiars. Its function is to reproduce a characteristic sound for each of the familiar faces of the person with Dementia, in order to help them remember them more easily. Specifically, the system consists of two main applications the client and the server application. The client application is installed on the smart, identifying devices of the sufferers’ familiars (e.g. smartphone, smartwatch) and communicates via Bluetooth with the server application. The server application is installed on smart devices (smart speakers) that are scattered inside the sufferer’s home. Thus, whenever one of the associated familiar faces of the sufferer enters the home, will be recognized by the smart speakers system and the corresponding characteristic sound for that individual will be reproduced in order to help the sufferer to recognize what his/her favorite face is in front of him/her.